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LSU Superfund Research Program Publications


Nwosu,U.G., Cook, R.L. 2015. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Electron Paramagnetic Spectroscopic Comparison of Hydrophobic Acid, Transphilic Acid, and Reverse Osmosis May 2012 Isolates of Organic Matter from the Suwannee River. Environ Eng Sci. 32(1):14-22. PMCID: PMC4283068


Cormier, S.A., Shrestha, B., Saravia, J., Lee, G.I., Shen, L., DeVincenzo, J.P., Kim, YI, You, D. 2014. Limited Type I IFNs and Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells during Neonatal Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection Permit Immunopathogenesis upon Reinfection.  J Virol. Doi: 10.1128/jvi.00818-14. PMCID: PMC4136292


Huang, H., Saravia, J., You, D., Shaw,  A.J., Cormier,  S.A. 2014. Impaired Gamma Delta T Cell-Derived IL-17A and Inflammasome Activation During Early Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Infants. Immunol Cell Biol. Doi: 10.1038/icb.2014.79. [Epub ahead of print]


Johnson, E.F., Connick, J.P., Reed, J.R., Backes, W.L., Desai, M.C., Xu, L., Estrada, R., Laurence, J.S., and Scott, E.E. 2014. Correlating Structure and Function of Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes: Progress and Ongoing Challenges.Drug Metabolism and Disposition. 42 (1), 9-22. PMCID: PMC3876788


Khachatryan L., McFerrin C.A., Hall RW, and Dellinger B. 2014. Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFRs). 3. Free versus Bound Hydroxyl Radicals in EPFR Aqueous Solutions. Environ. Sci. Technol. 48(16):9220–9226. Doi:10.1021/es501158r.


Kiruri , L., Khachatryan, L., Dellinger, B., and Lomnicki, S. 2014. Effect of Copper Oxide Concentration on the Formation and Persistency of Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFRs) in Particulates. Environ. Sci. Technol. 48 (4): 2212–2217. Doi: 10.1021/es404013g. PMCID: PMC3983329


Lee, G., Saravia, J., You, D., Shrestha, B., Jaligama, S., Hebert, V., Dugas. T., Cormier, S. 2014. Exposure to Combustion Generated Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals Enhances Severity of Influenza virus Infection. Part Fibre Toxicol. 11(1):57. Doi:10.1186/s12989-014-0057-1. PMCID: PMC4199872


Lomnicki, S., Gullett, B, Stöger,T., Kennedy, I., Diaz, J., Dugas, T.R., Varner, K., Carlin, D., Dellinger, B., and Cormier, S.A. 2013. Combustion By-Products and their Health Effects - Combustion Engineering and Global Health in the 21st Century: Issues and Challenges. International Journal of Toxicology. 33(1):3-13. Doi: 10.1177/1091581813519686. PMCID: PMC3944372


Reed, J.R., Cawley, G.F., Ardoin, T.G., Dellinger, B., Lomnicki, S.M., Hasan, F., Kiruri, L.W.,  Backes, W.L. 2014. Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals Inhibit Cytochromes P450 Activity in Rat Liver Microsomes. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. Doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2014.03.021. PMCID:PMC4049543


Schwingshackl, A., Teng, B., Makena, P., Ghosh, M., Sinclair, S.E., Luellen, C., Balasz, L., Rovnaghi, C., Bryan, R.M., Lloyd, E.E., Fitzpatrick, E., Saravia, J.S., Cormier, S.A., Waters, C.M. 2014. Deficiency of the Two-Pore-Domain Potassium Channel TREK-1 Promotes Hyperoxia-Induced Lung Injury. Crit Care Med. 42(11): 692-701. Doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000000603. PMCID: PMC4199872



dela Cruz, A.L, Cook, R.L., Dellinger, B.H., Lomnicki, S.M., Donnelly, Kirby C., Kelley, M. A., Cosgriff, D. 2013. Assessment of Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals in Soils and Sediments from Three Superfund Sites. Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts.16(1):44-52. Doi: 10.1039/C3EM00428G. PMCID: PMC3907510

Gehling, W.A., & Dellinger, B. 2013. Environmentally Persistent free Radicals and Their Lifetimes in PM2.5. Environmental Science & Technology. 47(15), 8172-8178. Doi: 10.1021/es401767m. NIHMSID #648361

Gehling, W.,Khachatryan, L., and Dellinger, B. 2013. Hydroxyl Radical Generation from Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFRs) in PM2.5. Environ. Sci. Technol. 48 (8): 4266–4272. DOI: 10.1021/es401770y. NIHMSID # 648384

Herring, M.P., Potter, P.M., Wu, H., Lomnicki, S. and Dellinger, B. 2013. Fe2O3 nanoparticle mediated molecular growth and soot inception from the oxidative pyrolysis of 1-methylnaphthalene. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. 34(1):1749-1757. Doi:10.1016/j.proci.2012.07.057. NIHMSID #648382 


Herring, P., Khachatryan, L., Lomnicki, S., Dellinger, B. 2013. Paramagnetic centers in particulate formed from the oxidative pyrolysis of 1-methylnaphthalene in the presence of Fe(III)2O3 nanoparticles.Combustion and Flame. 160(12):2996–3003. NIHMSID #648387


Kelley, M.A., Hebert, V.Y., Thibeaux, T.M., Orchard, M.A., Hasan, F., Cormier, S.A., Thevenot, P.T., Lomnicki, S.M., Varner,K.J., Dellinger, B, Latimer, B.M., Dugas, T.R. 2013. Model Combustion-Generated Particulate Matter Containing Persistent Free Radicals Redox Cycle to Produce Reactive Oxygen Species. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 26(12):1862-71. Doi: 10.1021/tx400227s. PMCID: PMC4112599

Kiruri, L., Dellinger, B., and Lomnicki, S. 2013. Tar Balls from Deep Water Horizon Oil Spill: Envionmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFR) Formation During Crude Weathering. Environmental Science and Technology. 47(9):4220-6. Doi: 10.1021/es305157w. NIHMSID #582776


Maskos, Z., Khachatryan, L., Dellinger, B. 2013. Role of the Filters in the Formation and Stabilization of Semiquinone Radicals Collected from Cigarette Smoke. Energy & Fuels. 27(9): 5506-5512. Doi: 10.1021/ef4010253 PMCID: PMC3831374 


Patterson, M.C., Keilbart, N.D., Kiruri, L.W., Thibodeaux, C.A., Lomnicki, S., Kurtz, R.L, Poliakoff, E.D., Dellinger, B., and Sprunger, P.T. 2013. EPFR formation from phenol adsorption on Al2O3 and TiO2: EPR and EELS studies. Journal of Chemical Physics. 422:277-282. Doi:10.1016/j.chemphys.2012.12.003. PMCID: PMC3891583


Reams, M.A., Lam, N.S., Cale, T.M., and Hinton, C. 2013. Applying a Community Resilience Framework to Examine Household Emergency Planning and Exposure-Reducing Behavior Among Residents of Louisiana's Industrial Corridor. Journal of Emergency Management.11(2):107-120. Doi:10.5055/jem.2013.0130. PMCID: PMC4081453


Reed, J.R., Cawley, G.F. and Backes, W.L. 2013. Interactions between cytochromes P450 2B4 (CYP2B4) and 1A2 (CYP1A2) lead to alterations in toluene disposition and P450 uncoupling. Biochemistry. 52(23):4003-4013. Doi:10.1021/bi400422a. PMCID: PMC3750074 


Saravia, J., Lee, G.I., Lomnicki, S., Dellinger, B., and Cormier, S.A. 2013. Particulate matter containing environmentally persistent free radicals and adverse infant respiratory health effects: A review. Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology. 27(1):56-68. Doi: 10.1002/jbt.21465. PMCID: PMC3580159 

Saravia, J.,You, D.,Thevenot, P., Lee, G. I., Shrestha, B., Lomnicki, S., Cormier, S.A. 2013. Early-life exposure to combustion-derived particulate matter causes pulmonary immunosuppression. Mucosal Immunol. Doi:10.1038/mi.2013.88. PMCID: PMC3999175 

Thevenot, P., Saravia, J., Giammo, J., Happel, K.I., Dugas, T.R. and Cormier, S.A. 2013. Chronic Alcohol Induces M2 Polarization Enhancing Pulmonary Disease Caused by Exposure to Particulate Air Pollution. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 37(11): 1910-1919.Doi: 10.1111/acer.12184. PMCID: PMC3775861


Thevenot P.T., Saravia J., Jin N, Giaimo J.D., Chustz R.E., Mahne S., Kelley M.A., Hebert V.Y., Dellinger B., Dugas T.R., Demayo F.J., Cormier S.A. 2013. Radical-containing ultrafine particulate matter initiates epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions in airway epithelial cells. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. 48:188-197. Doi: 10.1165/rcmb.2012-0052OC. PMCID: PMC3604062


You, D., Marr, N., Saravia, J., Shrestha, B., Lee, G.I., Turvey, S.E., Brombacher, F., Herbert, D.R., and Cormier, S.A. 2013. IL-4R alpha on CD4(+) T cells plays a pathogenic role in respiratory syncytial virus reinfection in mice infected initially as neonates. Journal of Leukocyte Biology. 93:933-942. Doi:10.1189/jlb.1012498. PMCID: PMC3656337 


Wang, P., You, D., Saravia, J., Shen, H., Cormier, S. 2013. Maternal Exposure to Combustion Generated PM Inhibits Pulmonary Th1 Maturation and Concomitantly Enhances Postnatal Asthma Development in Offspring. Particle and Fibre Toxicology.10(1):29. Doi:10.1186/1743-8977-10-29. PMCID: PMC3717277



dela Cruz A.L., Cook R.L., Lominicki, S.M., & Dellinger, B. 2012. Effect of Low Temperature Thermal Treatment on Soils Contaminated with Pentachlorophenol and Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals. Environmental Science & Technology. 46 (11): 5971–5978. Doi: 10.1021/es300362k. PMCID:PMC3381800 

Khachatryan, L. and McFerrin, C. 2012. Free vs. Bound Hydroxyl Radicals Generated by Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals in Aqueous Solutions. Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 53:S149-S149.PMCID: PMC3230252   

Mahne S., Chuang G.C., Pankey E.A., Kiruri L., Kadowitz P.J., Dellinger B., Varner K.J. 2012. Environmentally persistent free radicals decreased cardiac function and increase pulmonary artery pressure. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 303(9):1135-1142. Doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00545.2012. PMCID: PMC3517644.


Nganai, S., Lomnicki, S., and Dellinger, B. 2012. Formation of PCDD/Fs from Oxidation of 2-Monochlorophenol over an Fe203/silica Surface. Chemosphere. 88(3):371-376. Doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.03.060. PMCID: PMC3361902 


Reed, J.R. and Backes, W.L. 2012. Formation of P450•P450 Complexes and Their Effect on P450 Function. Pharmacol Ther. 133(3):299-310. Doi: 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2011.11.009. PMCID:PMC3272114.

Reed, J.R., Connick, J.P., Cheng, D., Cawley, G.F., and Backes, W.L. 2012. Effect of Homomeric P450•P450 Complexes on P450 Function. Biochem J. 446(3):489-97. Doi: 10.1042/BJ20120636. PMCID:PMC3518449.

Saravia, J., Lee G.I, Lomnicki, S., Dellinger,B., Cormier, S.A. 2012. Particulate Matter Containing Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals and Adverse Infant Respiratory Health Effects: A Review .J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 27(1):56-68. Doi: 10.1002/jbt.21465. PMCID: PMC3580159

Vejerano, E., Lomnicki, S., & Dellinger, B. 2012. Formation and Stabilization of Combustion-Generated, Environmentally Persistent Radicals on Ni(II)O Supported on a Silica Surface.Environmental Science & Technology. 46(17): 9406-9411.Doi: 10.1021/es301136d. PMCID:PMC3597086

Vejerano, E., Lomnicki, S., & Dellinger, B. 2012. Lifetime of Combustion-Generated Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals on Zn(II)O  and other Transition Metal Oxides. J. Environ. Monit.14(10): 2803-2806.Doi:10.1039/C2EM30545C. 


Balakrishna, S., Saravia, J., Thevenot, P., Ahlert, T., Lominiki, S., Dellinger, B., & Cormier, S.A. 2011. Environmentally persistent free radicals induce airway hyperresponsiveness in neonatal rat lungs. Part Fibre Toxicol. 8:11. Doi: 10.1186/1743-8977-8-11. PMCID:PMC3061909

dela Cruz, A.L., Gehling, W., Lomnicki S.M., Cook, R.L., & Dellinger, B. 2011. Detection of Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals at a Superfund Wood Treating Site. Environmental Science and Technology. 45(15):6356-65. Doi: 10.1021/es2012947. PMCID:PMC3167238

Dellinger, B., & Khachatryan, L. 2011. Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFRs)-2. Are Free Hydroxyl Radicals Generated in Aqueous Solutions? Environ Sci Technol. 45(21):9232-9239. Doi: 10.1021/es201702q. PMCID: PMC3236504

Kelley, M.A., Thibeaux, T., Hebert, V., Cormier, S.A., Lomnicki, S., Dillinger, B., Dugas, T. 2011. Model Particulate Matter Containing Persistent Free Radicals Exhibit Reactive Oxygen Species Production. Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 51(1):S134. 

Khachatryan L, Vejerano E, Lomnicki S, & Dellinger B. 2011. Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFRs). Generation of Reactive Oxygen Species in Aqueous Solutions.Environ Sci Technol. 45(19): 8559-8566. Doi: 10.1021/es201309c. PMCID: PMC3230252

Lord, K., Moll, D., Lindsey, J.K., Mahne, S., Raman, G., Dugas, T., Cormier, S., Troxlair, D., Lomnicki, S., Dellinger, B., & Varner, K. 2011. Environmentally persistent free radicals decrease cardiac function before and after ischemia/reperfusion injury in vivo. J Recept Signal Transduct Res. 31(2):157-67. Doi: 10.3109/10799893.2011.555767. PMCID:PMC3152960

Nganai, S., Lomnicki, S., & Dellinger, B. 2011. Formation of PCDD/Fs from the Copper Oxide-Mediated Pyrolysis and Oxidation of 1,2-Dichlorobenzene.Environ. Sci. Technol. 45(3): 1034-1040. Doi: 10.1021/es102948f.

Patterson, M.C., Keilbart, N.D., Kiruri, L.W., Thibodeaux, C.A., Lomnicki, S., Kurtz, R.L., Poliakoff, E.D., Dellinger, B., Sprunger, P.T. 2011. EPFR formation from phenol adsorption on AI203 and Ti02: EPR and EELS studies.Chem Phys. 422: 277-282. Doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031. PMCID:PMC3891583

Vejerano, E., Lomnicki, S., & Dellinger, B. 2011. Formation and Stabilization of Combstion-Generated Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals on an Fe(III)2O3/Silica Surface. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45(2): 589-594. Doi: 10.1021/es102841s.. PMCID. In process

Wang P, Thevenot P, Saravia J, Ahlert T, & Cormier S. 2011. Radical Containing Particles Activate DCs and Enhance Th17 Inflammation in a Mouse Model of Asthma. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 45(5):977-83. Doi: 10.1165/rcmb.2011-0001OC. PMCID:PMC3262685


Cormier, S.A., You, D., Honnegowda, S. 2010. The Use of a Neonatal Mouse Model to Study Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 8 (12):1371-80. Doi: 10.1586/eri.10.125. PMCID:PMC3033119


Fahmy, B., Ding, L., You, D., Lomnicki, S., Dellinger, B., & Cormier, S. A. 2010. In Vitro and in Vivo Assessment of Pulmonary Risk Associated with Exposure to Combustion Generated Fine Particles. Environ.Toxicology and Pharmacology. 29(2):173-82. Doi:10.1016/j.etap.2009.12.007. PMCID:PMC2848491

Lomnicki ,S.M., Wu, H., Poliakoff E.D., McCarley R.L., & Dellinger B. 2010. Size-Selective Synthesis of Immobilized Copper Oxide Nanoclusters on Silica.Mat. Sci. Eng: B. 175:136-142. NIHMSID #648395

Truong, H., Lomnicki S., & Dellinger B. 2010. Potental for Misidentification of Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals as Molecular Pollutants in Particulate Matter.Environ. Sci. Technol. 44(6):1933-1939. Doi: 10.1021/es902648t. NIHMSID #648371

Walsh, M., Cormier, S.A., Varner, K., & Dellinger, B. 2010. By-Products of Thermal Treatment of Hazardous Waste: Formation and Health Effects. EM. 26-30. PMCID: PMC3368582


Bae, G.,  & Hall, R. 2009. Density Functional Calculation of the Structure and Electronic Properties of (C uO)n (n = 1 - 4) Clusters. J. Phys. Chem. A. 115 (11): 2087–2095. Doi: 10.1021/jp104177q. PMCID: PMC3070270

Balakrishna, S., Lomnicki, S., McAvey, K. M., Cole, R. B., Dellinger, B., & Cormier, S. A. 2009. Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals Amplify Ultrafine Particle Mediated Cellular Oxidative Stress and Cytotoxicity. Part Fibre Toxicol. 6:11. Doi:  10.1186/1743-8977-6-11, PMCID: PMC2676242

McFerrin, C.A., Hall, R.W., & Dellinger, B. 2009. Ab Initio Study of the Formation and Degradation Reactions of Chlorinated Phenols. J. Molecular Structure. THEOCHEM. 902(1-3): 5-14. NIHMSID #648398

Nganai, S., Lomnicki, S., & Dellinger, B. 2009. Ferric Oxide Mediated Formation of PCDD/Fs from 2-Monochlorophenol. Environ. Sci. Technol. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43(2): 368–373. Doi: 10.1021/es8022495 PMCID: PMC3573702 


Balakrishna, S., Lomnicki, S., Dellinger, B., & Cormier, S.A. 2008. Resveratrol Ameliorates the Redox Imbalances in Human Airway Epithelial Cells Exposed to Combustion Generated Nanoparticles. Free Radical Bio Med. 45:S44–S.

McFerrin, C.,  Hall, R., Dellinger, B., & Hall, R. 2008. Ab Initio Study of the Formation and DegradationReactions of Semiquinone and Phenoxyl Radicals. J. Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM, 848(1-3):16-23. NIHMSID #648401


Khachatryan, L., Lomnicki, S., and Dellinger, B. 2007. An expanded reaction kinetic model of the CuO surface-mediated formation of PCDD/F from pyrolysis of 2-chlorophenol.Chemosphere. 68(9):1741-50. NIHMSID #648406



Cormier, S.A., Lomnicki, S., Backes, W., & Dellinger, B. 2006. Origin and Health Impacts of Emissions of Toxic By-Products and Fine Particles from Combustion and Thermal Treatment of Hazardous Wastes and Materials. Environmental Health Perspectives. 114(6):810-7. PMCID: PMC1480527

Dellinger, B., Lomnicki, S.,  Khachatryan, L., Maskos, Z.,  Hall, R.  Adounkpe, J.,  McFerrin, C., & Truong, H. 2006. Formation and stabilization of persistent free radicals. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute.31:521-528. NIHMSID #648408